Senbagh Upazila (Noakhali district) with an area of 155.83 sq km, is surrounded by Namngalkoat upazila on the north,Noakhali Sadar and Companiganj (Noakhali) upazilas on the south,Daganbhiyan upazila on the east and Begumganj and Laksham upazilas on the west.
Senbagh (Town) consists of six mouzas. The area of the town is 15.7 sq km. The town has a population of 23530; male 49.34%, female 50.66%; population density per sq km 1499. Literacy rate among the town people is 49.3%.
Administration Senbagh thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 9 union parishads, 99 mouzas and 111 villages.
Population 216309; male 48.24%, female 51.76%; Muslim 94.89%; Hindu 5.04%, Buddhist 0.07%.
Religious institutions Mosque 312, temple 14, most noted of which is Senbagh Bazar Jami Mosque.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 20.3%; male 27.7% and female 12.8%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 2, government high school 2, non-government high school 23, madrasa 19, government primary school 79, non-government primary school 41.
Cultural organisations Rural club 17, cinema hall 1, playground 14.
Main occupations Agriculture 30.14%, agricultural labourer 16.66%, wage labourer 1.96%, commerce 10.99%, service 23.54%, transport 2.52% and others 14.19%.
Land use Total cultivable land 12144.88 hectares; fallow land 923.51 hectares; cultivable land under irrigation 24%.
Land control Among the peasants, 32% are landless, 30% small, 26% intermediate and 12% rich; cultivable land per head 0.05 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal, sugarcane, varieties of pulses, oil seed, betel leaf and betel nut. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, sweet potato, mustard seed, aus and aman paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, coconut, banana, date. Poultries 10.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 194 km, semi pucca 88 km and mud road 275 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart and boat. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice mill 70, flour and chilli mill 40, ice factory 6.
Cottage industries Weaving 164, bamboo and cane work 480, blacksmith 61, potteries 48, wood work 163, brass work 25, jute and fabrics work 29.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, most noted of which Kankir Hat, Senbagh Bazar, Chhamir Munshir Hat and Darbesh Hat; fair 1.
Main exports Rice, coconut, betel nut, banana, betel leaf.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, Proshika, ASA, Caritas, CARE.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 9.