Shariatpur Sadar Upazila (Shariatpur district) with an area of 175.08 sq km, is surrounded by Zanjira upazila on the north, Damudya, Bhedarganj and Naria upazilas on the east,Kalkini upazila on the south,Madaripur Sadar upazila on the west. Main river is Kirtinasha.
Shariatpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 26 mahallas. The area of the town is 25.5 sq km. The Shariatpur Municipality was established in 1990. The town has a population of 42154; male 51.55%, female 48.45%. The density of population is 1653 per sq km.
Administration Shariatpur (former name Palong) thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. It consists of 1 municipality, 10 union parishads, 129 mouzas, 147 villages and 9 wards.
Archaeological heritage South Baluchara Mosque and Bilaskhan Mosque (Mughal period).
Historical events During the War of Liberation (1971) a number of encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in which about 313 members of the Pak army were killed.
Religious institutions Mosque 559 and temple 5.
Population 161962; male 50.36% female 49.64%; Muslim 92.20%, Hindu 7.40% and others 0.40%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.3%; male 32.6% and female 17.9%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 2, government high school 1, non-government high school 14, junior high school 7, government primary school 75 and non-government primary school 19, NGOs operated school 28, madrasa 9, satellite school 7, community school 28. Noted institution: Palong Multilateral High School (1939).
Newspapers and periodicals Chikundi Barta, Shariatpur Barta, Weekly Shariatpur, Weekly Rudrakantha, Weekly Jabanbandhi (defuncet), Dainik Hunker, Weekly Muktir Kantha, Weekly Shetu, Weekly Kagojer Pata, Weekly Sapta Palli Samachar. Cultural institutions Urban club 4, cinema hall 2, rural club 13.
Main occupations Agriculture 44.06%, agricultural labourer 24%, wage labourer 3.88%, industries 1.02%, commerce 9.72%, transport 2%, service 5.83% and others 9.49%.
Land use Cultivable land 15139 hectares, fallow land 2041 hectares; single crop 17.82%, double crop 72.32% and treble crop land 9.86%; land under irrigation 4.18%.
Land control Among the peasants, 30.63% are landless, 37.23% small, 21.76% intermediate and 10.38% rich.
Value of land Market value of first grade land is Tk 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute and wheat.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun, pigeon pea (arhar), china and hemp jute.
Main fruits Coconut, wood apple, mango, blackberry and banana.Dairies and poultries Dairy 23, poultry 1297.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 26.50 km, semi pucca 17.37 km and mud road 338.65 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and boat. Manufactories Shoe factory 4, welding 11 and saw mill 9.
Cottage industries Potteries 132, goldsmith 123 and wood work 35, blacksmith 147, tailoring 215.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 7 and fair 1, most noted of which are Angaria and Shawlpara hat.
NGO activities SDS, Grameen Unnayan Sangstha, Gono Unnayan Prochesta, Brac,Proshika, Grameen Bank,ASA and Madaripur Legal Aid Association.
Health centre Government hospital 1, satellite clinic 4, family planning centre 15, clinic 3.