Sherpur Sadar Upazila (Sherpur district) with an area of 360.01 sq km, is surrounded by Sreebardi, Jhenaigati and Nalitabari upazilas on the north, Jamalpur Sadar upazila on the south, Nakla upazila on the east and Islampur and Melandaha upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Old Brahmaputra, Mrigi and Dashani; noted hill Kodaljhara; Aurabaura, Nishla, Dhala, Isli, Mausi are noted Beels.
Sherpur (Town) stands on the bank of the Mrigi. It was established in the seventeenth century. It consists of 9 wards and 56 mahallas. The area of the town is 23.39 sq km. The town has a population of 78749; male 52.22%, female 47.78%; density of population is 3367 per sq km. Literacy rate among the people is 38.6%.
During the Mughal period regional administrative centre was established in the town. Magistrate court and Thana (Police Station) were established in the beginning of the nineteenth century. The Sherpur Municipality was established in 1869. The Telegraph Office and the Munsif Court were established in 1885 and 1887 respectively. Queen Victoria Memorial Academy was established in 1887 and Govinda Kumar Peace Memorial Institute was established in 1919.
Administration Sherpur Sadar thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. The upazila consists of 1 municipality, 7 union parishads, 9 wards, 148 mouzas and 180 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Tomb of Hazrat Shah Kamal (1644 AD), Maisaheba Mosque (1861), Mughalbari and Kazigali Mosques, Natmondir, Raghunath Jeo Temple (1771).
Historical events The ancient name of Sherpur was Dashkahania. Dashkahania Pargana was named Sherpur after Sher Ali Gazi, the last jaghirdar of the Gazi Dynasty. To protest oppression by the zamindars peasant-tenant conferences were held in 1914 and 1917 at Kamarer Char of Sherpur under the leadership of Khos Muhamman Chowdhury. During the War of Liberation the Pakistan army killed 52 innocent peasants and labourers including Freedom Fighter Afsar Ali at village Surjadi on 24 November 1971.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 2 (Gredhanarayanpur and Sheri Crematory adjacent to Sheri Bridge), Muktijoddah Smriti (freedom fighters memorial) Stadium.
Population 381419; male 51.52%, female 48.42%; Muslim 96%, Hindu 3%, Buddhist 0.2%, Christian 0.1% and ethnic nationals (100 family) 0.7%.
Religious institutions Mosque 370, tomb 2, temple 24, pagoda 1 and sacred place 1.
Most noted religious institutions are Maisaheba Jame Mosque, Kharampur Jame Mosque, Terabazar Jame Mosque, tomb of Hazrat Shah Kamal (R), Raghunath Jeor Mondir, Noiani Bazar Kali Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 19.25%, male 24.2% and female 14.2%.
Educational institutions: government college 2, non-government college 3, government high school 2, non-government high school 37, madrasa 51, government primary school 119, non-government primary school 65, agriculture extension training institute 1, vocational training institute 1, kindergarten 20. Noted old institutions: Sherpur Government Victoria Academy (1887), Sherpur G.K. Pilot High School (1919).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly Sherpur, Weekly Doshkahania, Weekly Chalti Khabar and Daily Ghatana; periodicals: Sahityalaka, Adda, Barsati, Ra; extinct: Monthly Biddyanati Sadini (1865), Weekly Charubarta (1881), Weekly Biggapani, Samskriti Sanjibini, Prabaha, Manus Theke Manus, Samcharan, Amgan, Nandita Nabin, Ghonai Amra.
Cultural organisations Rural club 124, press club 1, public library 1, theatre group 15, cinema hall 6, playground 5, women's organisation and co operative society 451, professional society 2, literary society 3, stadium 1, tennis ground 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.76%, fishing 1.2%, agricultural labourer 21.7%, transport 1.78%, commerce 10.89%, service 2%, wage labourer 2.92%, service 4.27% and others 9.48%.
Land use Total cultivable land 30542.81 hectares, fallow land 214.01 hectares; single crop 15%, double crop 75% and treble crop land 10%; land under irrigation 75%.
Land control Among the peasants, 31% are landless, 35% small, 24% intermediate and 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.28 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed, onion, potato, chilli, brinjal and other vegetables.Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local variety of paddy, sesame, linseed, barley, sugarcane, kaun and arahar.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, litchi, black berry, guava, coconut, papaya, jamrul.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 19, poultry 19, hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 164.73 km, semi pucca 48.10 km and mud road 622.26 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage, soary. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice mill 237, flour mill 5, oil mill 6, saw mill 14, bidi factory 2, polythine factory 2, press 10, tarkata factory 1.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26, most noted of which are Noiani Bazar, Kamarchar Bazar; fair 1 (Pous Mela).
Main exports Rice, jute, bamboo, vegetable.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, SDS, Local Gana Unnayan Sangstha, Centre for Advancement Programme, Suniti Sangha, Agragati, Rural Development Project.
Health centres Sadar hospital 1, satellite clinic 4, health and family welfare centre 13, maternity 1, family health clinic 1, private clinic 1, health centre 15.