Sherpur Upazila (Bogra district) with an area of 296.27 sq km, is surrounded by Bogra Sadar upazila on the north, Raiganj and Tarash upazilas on the south, Dhunat upazila on the east, Nandigram upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Bangali and Karatoya.
Sherpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 18 mahallas. The area of the town is 6.74 sq km. The town has a population of 22352; male 50.68%, female 49.32%; density of population is 3316 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 55.1%. The town has one rest house.
Administration Sherpur thana was established in 1962 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 union parishads, 231 mouzas and 313 villages.
Archaeological heritage Sirajnagar Mosque, Shershah Mosque, Gherua Mosque, Vabanipur Kali Mandir.
Religious institutions Mosque 443, temple 51, noted of which are Dhar Mokam Mosque, Sher Mokam Mosque.
Population 229005; male 50.89%, female 49.11%; Muslim 87.76%, Hindu 12.01%, others 0.23%; ethnic nationals: Tribalki 1561 and others 164.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23.6%; male 30.5%, female 13.4%.
Educational institutions: college 9, secondary school 43, primary school (government) 78, primary school (private) 40, madrasa 33, KG school 11, agricultural training institution (private) 1, shorthand & computer training institution (private) 1.
Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Aajker Sherpur and Panchanadir Teere.
Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 67, theatre group 1, cinema hall 3, playground 20.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.59%, agricultural labourer 23.82%, wage labourer 2.14%, commerce 11.26%, service 3.85%, transport 1.75%, others 8.59%.
Land use Arable land 23697.41 hectares; single crop 16%, double crop 67% and treble crop 17%. Arable land under irrigation 95%.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, corn, wheat, potato, chilli, onion, vegetables, banana, betel leaf and patal.
Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, different type of pulses, kaun (Italian millet), cheena (common millet).
Main fruit Banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 32, dairy 34, poultry 32, poultry hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 19.5 km, semi pucca 5.5 and mud road 555 km. Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct).
Manufactories Cold storage 1, rice & flour mill 101.
Cottage industries Weaving 20, bamboo work 450, goldsmith 66, blacksmith 62, potteries 330, wood work 20, tailoring 500, welding 120.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 28, most noted of which are Sherpur, Mirzapur, Ranir Hat, Vabanipur, Sukhat, Chandaikona; fairs 7, most noted which are Kelnapushir Mela and Rani Bhabani Mela.
Main exports Paddy, wheat, corn, betel leaf, banana, patal. NGO activities BRAC, Grameen Bank, ASA, TMSS,BISS, ISEB, NDP, Gramee Krishi Faundation, ARKIS, Maiytri Palli Unniyan Sangathan.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 9, satellite clinic 2.