Sonargaon Upazila (Narayanganj district) with an area of 171.66 sq km, is surrounded by Saraihazar and Rupganj upazilas on the north, Munshioganj Sadar and Gazaria upazilas on the south, Homna and Gazaria upazilas on the east, Bandar (Narayanganj), Narayanganj Sadar, Rupganj upazilas and Demra thana on the west.
The upazila is washed by the Meghna and Shitalakhya. The original Brahmaputra river which once flew through the upazila is now moribund.
Sonargaon (Town) consists of 6 mouzas. The area of the town is 0.73 sq km. It has a population of 4039; male 53.31%, female 46.69%. The literacy rate among the town people is 51%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Sonargaon thana was turned into a upazila in 1983. It consists 11 union parishads, 466 villages and 352 mouzas.
Archaeological heritage Single dome mosque built by Jalaluddin Fath Shah (1489 AD), single dome mosque built by Alauddin Husain Shah (1522), tomb of Sultan Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah (1410 AD), tomb of Shah Langar (1422).
Historical events From 1335 to 1535 AD Sonargaon was some times a capital of Bengal and some times administrative head quarters of the eastern region of Bengal. World traveler IBN Batuta of Morocco visited Sonargaon in 1346 AD. Population 261881; male 52.11% and female 47.89%; Muslim 95.24% and Hindu 4.19%, others 0.57%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.50%; male 42% and female 13%.
Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 6, community school 26, satellite school 9, government primary school 82, madrasa 10.
Noted educational institutions: Mograpara HGGS Smriti Biddayatan (1934), Sonargaon GR Institution (1900).
Cultural organisations Museum 1 Sonargaon Folk Arts Museum, rural club 26, cinema hall 6, theatre group 5, women's organisation 1, playground 19. Religious institutions Mosque 450, temple 35, tomb 10.
Main occupations Agriculture 17.87%, agricultural labourer 17.61%, wages labourer 2.72%, fishing 3.02%, weaving 3.61%, industries 2.04%, transport 2.23%, commerce 20.6%, service 17.6%, others 12.7%.
Land use Total agricultural land 14154.2 hectares, fallow land 999.6 hectares; single crop 14%, double crop 60% and treble crop land 26%. Land under irrigation 38%.
Land control Among the peasants, 27% are landless, 60% small, 11% medium and 2% rich; cultivable land per head is 0.15 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, patal, cauliflower, sugarcane and mula (radish). Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, sesame, jute, mustard seed, indigo.
Dairy, fishery and poultry Fishery 7, poultry 776, hatchery 2.Transportation Roads: pucca 85 km. and mud road 200 km.
Extinct or nearly extinct transport Palanquin, bullock cart, gaina boat, bajra boat. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Cement factory 3, paper mill 2, oil mill 1, textile mill 25, re-rolling steel mill 4.
Cottage industries Weaving 948 (including jamdani), goldsmith 32, blacksmith 42, wood work 172 and bamboo & cane work 154.
Main hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26, fairs 4; notable hats and bazars are Ananda Bazar, Kaikartek Bazar; noted fairs are Luknath Brahmachari Mela, Pagla Mela at Hamchadi.
Important exports Industrial products, sari, cotton fabrics, vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are ASA, BRAC, Proshika VARC, POSD.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 11, satellite clinic 3.