Sonatola Upazila (Bogra district) with an area of 132.64 sq km, is surrounded by Sugatta and Gobindaganj upazilas on the north, Gabtali and Sariakandi upazilas on the south, Sariakandi upazila on the east, Shibganj (Bogra) and Gabtali upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Jamuna and Bangali; Satbeel, Mohicharan and Gobarchanpa Beels are notable.
Sonatola (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. The area of the town is 4.94 sq km. The town has a population of 9982; male 51.35%, female 48.65%; density of population is 2021 per sq km.Literacy rate among the town people is 36.9%.
Administration Sonatola thana was established in 1881 and was turned into an upazila in 1984. The upaila consists of six union parishads, 87 mouzas and 115 villages.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Hariakandi).
Religious institutions Mosque 241, temple 8, tomb 2, sacred place 1; Station Jami Mosque, Pakulla Jami Mosque, Ghorapir Mazar, Sonatala Durgobihani Naraiyan Mandir, Aariar Ghat Maghi Saptami Snan are notable.
Population 146028; male 50.63%, female 49.37%; Muslim 93.30%, Hindu 5.78%, Buddhist 0.22%, Christian 0.23%, others 0.47.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.2%; male 33.03%, female 19.10%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 3, secondary school 19, government primary school 62, non-government primary school 56, madrasa 8, primary training institute 1; Sonatola Pilot High School (1908), Amlitala Model Primary School (1938) are notable.
Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Natun, Durjoy Sahitta, Tarunna; extinct Sonatala Barta.
Cultural organisation Public library 1, literature association 1, theatre group 3, playground 30.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.07%, agricultural labourer 22.43%, wage labourer 1.52%, commerce 11.41%, service 4.74%, others 11.03%.
Land use Arable land 11997 hectares; single crop 18.57%, double crop 46.80%, triple crop 34.63%. Arable land under irrigation 86%.
Land control Among the peasants, 21.14% are landless, 22.45% marginal, 27.49% small, 17.13% intermediate and 11.79% rich.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land is about Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, potato, chilli, brinjal. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Barly, sugarcane, grass pea, til (sesame), yam, kaun (Italian millet).
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 120, dairy 5, poultry 8.
Communication Roads: pucca 22 km, semi pucca 8 and mud road 400 km; waterways 5 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin and soari (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), country boat.
Manufactories Match factory 1, auto rice mill 5, ice factory 1, bidi factory 2.
Cottage industries Weaving 110, bamboo work 75, goldsmith 15, blacksmith 25, potteries 10, wood work 55, tailoring 125, welding 8.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 11, most noted of which are Sonatola, Sayed Ahmed College Hat, Pakulla; fairs 4; Ghorapir Mela, Aksay Taya Mela, Maghi Saptami Snan Mela are notable.
Main exports Potato, banana, chilli, brinjal, matches, bidi.
NGO activities BRAC, Proshika ASA, , TMSS, AURED, AUSED, RDS, SDS. Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family-planning centre 6.