Sreemangal Upazila (Maulvibazar district) with an area 450.74 sq km, is surrounded by Maulvibazar upazila on the north, Tripura State (India) on the south, Kamalganj upazila on the east, Chunaru ghat and Bahubal upazilas on the west.
Bilash (Gopla) river and Hail haor are notable.
Sreemangal (Town) consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. It has a population of 21596; male 53.33%, female 46.67%. Literacy rate among the town people is 61.6%
Administration Sreemangal thana, now an upazila, was established in 1912. The upazila consists of one municipality, 12 union parishads, 124 mouzas and 206 villages.
Archaeological heritage Nirmmai Shib Bari (1454 AD), Tamrashasan of Raja Marundanath (11th century, discovered in village Kalapur) and statue of Ananta Naraiyan (discovered during excavation in village Lamua); both the Tamrashasan and the atatue of Ananta Narayan are now preserved in the Calcutta Museum.
Historical events Once Sreemangal was a part of the Tripura State. The great earthquake of 1897 caused a massive change in the physiography of the area.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site: BDR Camp and the WAPDA office premisses; mass grave: 2 (North Varaura and South Varaura); memorial 1 (North Varaura).
Religious institutions Mosque 164, temple 38, church 1.
Population 230889; male 51.76%, female 48.24%. Muslim 52.77%, Hindu 44.87%, Christian 2.21%, Buddah 0.07% and others 0.08%. Ethnic nationals: Garo, Santal, Khasis, Monipuri and Tipra (1556 families).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.8%; male 36.3%, female 22.7%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 3, government school 1, non-government high school 13, government primary school 66, primary school (private) 61, madrasa 7, technical training centre 1. Notable institutions: Dobarhat Government Primary School (1882), Dashrath Bahupakkhik High School (1896), Victoria High School (1924), Chandranath Primary School (1934).
Newspapers and periodicals Daily Khola Chithi, Weekly Sreemangaler Shithi, Sreevumi, Pubali Barta.
Cultural organisations Club 34, public library 1, cinema hall 4, theatre stage 30, theatre group 6.
Main occupations Agriculture 21.13%, Industry 6.56%, forestry, livestock and fishing 3.84%, agricultural labourer 10.23%, wage labourer 15.29%, commerce 11.18%, service 13.29%, transport 1.83%, construction 1.13%, transport 1.83%, others 13.69%.
Land use Arable land 23114.12 hectares, fallow land 269.12 hectares, uncultivable land 16166.73 hectares; tila and forests 2490.08 hectares; single crop 45.96%, double crop 51.54% and treble crop 2.50%.
Land control Among the peasants, 14.70% are landless, 54.68% small, 19.92% intermediate, and 10.70% rich; cultivable land per head 0.10 hectare.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Tea, paddy, betel leaf, rubber, potato, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Til (sesame), kaun (Italian millet).
Main fruits Pineapple, jackfruit, lemon.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 10, dairy 14, poultry 30, hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 143 km, semi pucca road 11 km and mud road 405 km; railway station 1.
Traditional transport Bullock cart, horse carriage, country boat.
Manufactories Tea processing factory 15, flour mill 4, cold storage 2, ice factory 3, engineering workshop 14, galvanised steel mills 1, rubber processing plant 2, timber treatment plant 1, boiler rice mill 2.
Cottage industries Weaving 50, bamboo work 6, goldsmith 87, blacksmith 11, potteries 10.
Mineral resources Natural gas.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, mela (fair) 3, most noted of which are Mirzapur, Satgaon, Sindurkhan, Vairab Bazar, Sreemangal, Nirmmai Shiva Bari Shiva Chaturdashi Mela, Kal Bhairabi Mela at village Gandarvapur, Charak Mela at Vimsi.
Main exports Tea, pineapple, lemon, betel leaf.
NGO activitiesBrac, Caritas , MUCH; and local POSBID, Atikram, Sreemangal Foundation.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, 50 bed hospital 1, family planning centre 5, health and family centre 1, satellite clinic 2.