Sughatta Upazila (Gaibandha district) with an area of 255.67 sq km, is surrounded by Gaibandha Sadar upazila on the north, Sonatola upazila on the south, Fulchari upazila on the east, Gobindaganj and Palashbari upazilas on the west. Telian Beel is notable.
Sughatta (Town) consists of 2 mouzas. The area of the town is 3.56 sq km. It has a population of 5378; male 51.04% and female 48.96%; population density per sq km 1510. Literacy rate among the town people is 24.7%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Sughatta thana, now an upazila, was established in 1909. It consists of 10 union parishads, 117 mouzas and 132 villages.
Historical events During the WAR OF LIBERATION one Pak Major and one soldier were killed in an encounter with the freedom fighters at a place called Bhanga Mor (corner), border of the Upazila. In another encounter at Trimohani 27 members of the Pak army were killed and so were 12 freedom fighters. The freedom fighters killed 17 RAZAKARs in the upazila. The Pak army destroyed the Badiakhali land route-bridge and Singra railway-bridge; they also burnt the Jute godown at Bhorotkhali.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument 1 (Muktinagar High School).
Population 237062; male 52%, female 48%; Muslim 97.62%, Hindu 2.38%. Religious institutions Mosque 308, temple 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.1%; male 29.8% and female 14.3%.
Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 30, madrasa 13, government primary school 85, non-government primary school 77.
Noted educational institutions: Abdullah Memorial Government Primary School, Bhorotkhali High School (1940).
Cultural organizations Cinema hall 4, rural club 22, public library 1, theatre group 2, Shilpakala Academy 1, Music Academy 1 and playground 21.
Main occupations Agriculture 43.96%, agricultural labourer 27.61%, wage labourer 1.58%, commerce 9.37%, service 6.05% and others 11.43%.
Land use Total cultivable land 23108.64 hectares, fallow land 301.17 hectares; single crop land 38%, double crop 40% and treble crop land 22%; cultivable land under irrigation 70%.
Land control Among the peasants, 15% are landless, 50% small, 20% intermediate and 15% rich; cultivable land per head 0.10 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal, patal, onion and garlic. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, mustard seed, sweet potato, kaun, barley, mug and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, litchi, guava and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 62, dairy 23, fishery 43.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 35 km, semi pucca 18 km and mud road 894 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Cotton mill 1, ice factory 2 and welding 5.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 207, goldsmith 33, blacksmith 70, potteries 390, wood work 124, tailoring 261.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 17, most noted of which are Sughatta, Bonarpara, Bhorotkhali and Jumarbari; fair 1 (Bhorotkhali Kalibari Mela).
Main exports Jute, onion, garlic, papaya and banana.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, USS, SKAS, Udayan, TMSS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10, Satellite clinic 2.