Thakurgaon Sadar Upazila (Thakurgaon district) with an area of 683.45 sq km, is surrounded by Atwari and Boda upazilas on the north, Pirganj (Thakurgaon) and Pirganj upazilas on the south, Boda,Debiganj and Birganj upazilas on the east,Baliadangi and Ranisankail upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Tangon,Punarbhaba, Dhepa, Kulik and Tirnai.
Thakurgaon (Town) consists of 9 wards and 23 mahallas. The area of the town is 10.70 sq km. The town has a population of 40336; male 51.62%, female 48.38%; population density per sq km 3770. Literacy rate among the town people is 58.5%.
Administration Thakurgaon thana, now an upazila, was established in 1800. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 19 union parishads, 197 mouzas and 204 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Khurram Khan Pond at Devipur, Govinda Jeo Mandir (eighteenth century), Shapla and Peala Dighis.
Historical events Tebhaga Movement spread over Thakurgaon extensively. During the Tebhaga Movement 35 peasants were killed and many wounded when police fired on a procession. Direct encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Bhulli, Garaya and Salandar. The Pak army conducted mass killing in the area.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site: Sabdal Danga,
BDR Camp; mass grave: Shukan Pukuri, Jhatidanga, Pharabari and
Population 422728; male 51.7%, female 48.3%; Muslim 72.34%, Hindu 26.67% and others 0.19%; ethnic nationals: Santal 693 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 655, temple 120, church 19.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 30.1%; male 39.2% and female 20.2%.
Educational institutions: college 9, high school 98, junior high school 14, madrasa 38, government primary school 189, non-government primary school 148, teachers' training institute 1, vocational training institute 1, vocational textile institute 1.
Noted educational institutions: Thakurgaon Zila School (1904), Madarganj MB High School (1945), Ruhia High School (1939).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Extinct dailies: Thakurgaon Darpan, Sangrami Bangla, Gram Bangla, Dainik Bangladesh, Janarab; periodicals Aso Cheye Dekhi Prithibi, Usashi, Chalachitra.
Cultural organisations Club 68, public library 1, cinema hall 10, theatre group 7, theatre stage 1, cooperative society 126, playground 43, TV Relay Centre 1, radio station 1 and Shilpakala academy 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.23%, agricultural labourer 22.10%, wage labourer 3.96%, commerce 8.92%, service 7.19% and others 9.6%.
Land use Total cultivable land 50079.72 hectares, fallow land 21366.35; single crop 25%, double crop 59% and treble crop 16%; cultivable land under irrigation 58%.
Land control Among the peasants, 15% are landless, 20% marginal, 11% small, 45% intermediate and 9% rich; cultivable land per head 0.12 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, sugarcane, pulses, brinjal, vegetables.Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, barley and aus paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, litchi, watermelon and banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 66, fishery 4, dairy 72.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 88 km, semi pucca 3 km and mud road 1825 km; railways 33 km.Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Husking mill 270, sugar mill 1, textile mill 2, silk mill 1, rice mill 20, flour mill 3, chira mill 20, ice factory 8, pipe factory 5, oil mill 3, cold storage 3, chemical and pharmaceutical industry 20, welding 11.
Cottage industries Weaving 118, bamboo work 28, jute work 31, mat work 302 and leather and rubber work 60.
Other cottage industries include goldsmith, blacksmith, wood work, bidi and tailoring.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 38, most noted of which are Garaya, Bhulli, Shibganj, Ramnath, Khochabari, Chowdhury Hat; fairs 2 (Ruhia Mela and Muktar Mela).
Main exports Paddy, rice, potato, pulses, vegetables, mango, jackfruit, litchi, sugar.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Grameen Krishi Foundation, JKF, CDA, RDP, Janani.
Health centres Zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, union health centre 7, family welfare centre 19, maternity centre 1, and diabetic hospital 1.