Ukhia Upazila (Cox`s Bazar district) with an area of 261.8 sq km, is surrounded by Ramu upazila on the north, Myanmar and Naikhongchhari upazila on the east, Teknaf upazila on the south, the Bay of Bengal on the west.
Main river is the Naf.
Ukhia (Town) consists of one mouza. The area of the town is 18.32 sq km It has a population of 15924; male 52.79%, female 47.21%. Density of population per sq km is 869. Literacy rate among the town people is 23.4%.
Administration Ukhia thana was established in 1926 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 5 union parishads, 13 mouzas, 54 villages.
Archaeological heritage Patabari Buddhist Keyang, Kutupalang Buddhist Keyang, Kanabazar Tunnel.
Population 121514; male 51.45%, female 48.55%; Muslim 90.17%, Hindu 2.3%, Buddhist 7.53%; ethnic nationals: Chakmas 339 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 256, temple 44, pagoda 92.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 16.8%; male 22.7%, female 10.5%. Educational institutions: college (government) 2, college (non-government) 2, high school 7, madrasa 10, primary school (government) 40, primary school (non-government) 32.
Cultural organisations Club 12, cinema hall 1, playground 12.
Main occupations Agriculture 32.49%, forestry 3.48%, fishing 1.12%, agricultural labourer 20.47%, wage labourer 8.94%, service 3.42%, transport 2.26%, construction 1.22%, commerce 13.26%, others 13.34%.
Land use Cultivable land 7138 hectares, fallow land 1664 hectares; single crop 42%, double crop 40% and triple crop land 18%. Cultivable land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants, 61% are landless, 29% small, 9% intermediate and 1% rich.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, pulse, sugarcane, spices, jute, cotton, vegetables.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, mustard.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, pineapple, papaya, banana.
Fisheries, hatcheries Fishery 8, hatchery 10.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 85 km, semi pucca 65 km and mud road 380 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 135, flour mill 85, ice mill 2.
Cottage industries Weaving 80, brass work 9, bamboo and cane work 431, wood work 167, tailoring 54, blacksmith 11, potteries 25.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 5, fair 1, most noted of which are Ukhia Bazar, Rumkhan Bazar, Kot Bazar, Marichha Bazar, Kalkhali Bazar, Baishakhi Mela.
Main exports Betel leaf, betel nut, and coconut, shrimp fry.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, PROSHIKA, CARE, CARITAS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 5.