Ulipur Upazila ( Kurigram district) with an area of 504.19 sq km, is surrounded by Kurigram Sadar and Rajarhat upazilas on the north, Chilmari and Sundarganj upazilas on the south,Raumari upazila and Asam State of India on the east, Pirghacha upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Brahmaputra,Dharala, Tista and Dudhkumar.
Ulipur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 15 mahallas. The area of the town is 15.78 sq km. The town has a population of 43170; male 50%, female 50%; population density per sq km 2736. Literacy rate among the town people is 33.5%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Ulipur thana, now an upazila, was established in 1902. There are 14 union parishads, 147 mouzas and 418 villages in the upazila.
Archaeological heritage and relics Kazi Mosque in Daldalia Union (1214 AH), Arabic inscription of an unknown mosque of Husain Shahi period (preserved in the Verendra Research Museum..
Historical events Many people of the upazila were actively involved in anti British Movement in 1920 in which one Rishikesh Majumder was imprisoned. During the War of Liberation the Freedom Fighters attacked a Pak Military Convoy near Chaumuhani Bazar. The Pak army made surprise attacks at Mandaler Hat, Budaburi, Bagua, Anantapur, and Hatiar and killed nearly 700 villagers. Seven Freedom Fighters were killed in an encounter with Pak army at Mondoler Hat.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 3 (Ulipur Dakbungalow, Hatia Dagar Kuthi and Dharani Bari Madhupur); memorial monument 3.
Population 345205; male 50%, female 50 %; Muslim 89.79%, Hindu 8.65% and others 1.56%.
Religious institutions Mosque 575, temple 14, most noted of which are Ulipur Masjidul Huda, Shahi Jami Mosque, Daldalia Kazi Mosque, three domed Panch Pir Mosque, Sree Sree Govinda Jeo Mandir, Shree Shree Sidweshwari Shiva and Kali Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23.9%; male 31.3% and female 16.4%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 4, madrasa 184, government primary school 118, non-government primary school 124, vocational school 1, technical college 1.
Noted educational institutions: Ulipur Maharani Sarnamoye High School (1864), Ulipur Government Girls' High School (1909).
Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Julfikr and Kalom; extinct- Rangdhanu.
Cultural organisations Club 20, cinema hall 2, public library 2, women's organisation 1, playground 10.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.57%, agricultural labourer 29.03%, wage labourer 2.01%, commerce 8.51%, service 4.17% and others 10.71%.
Land use Total cultivable land 29542.7 hectares; single crop 18%, double crop 60% and treble crop 22%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants, 63.7% are landless, 24.5% small, 6.9% intermediate and 4.9% rich; cultivable land per head 0.9 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, patal, karalla, betel leaf, betel nut. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, mustard seed, kaun, pulses.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, coconut, banana.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 10, poultry 52, hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 47 km, semi pucca 3 km and mud road 819 km; railways 15 km; waterways 10 nautical mile.
Traditional transport bullock cart, sailing boat and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Husking mill 11, flour mill 2, welding 20, ice factory 1, tredol pump factory 1. Narendra Nath Dev of Ulipur invented Tredol Pump (locally known as Dheki Kal) in 1978. Small and marginal cultivators mostly use this irrigation pump.
Cottage industries Weaving 250, goldsmith 20, blacksmith 60, potteries 20, wood work 500, tailoring 220, bidi 1.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 41, most noted of which are Ulipur and Durgapur Hat; fairs 2; (Hatiar Mela and Shideshwari Mela).
Main exports Jute, onion, garlic, betel leaf, betel nut.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Grameen Bank, ASA, BRAC, Proshika, Aso Kaj Kori, Alor Pathey.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 14, eye hospital 1 and satellite health centre 4, maternity and child care centre 1.