Ullahpara Upazila (Sirajganj district) with an area of 414.43 sq km, is surrounded by Raiganj upazila on the north, Shahajadpur upazila on the south, Kamarkanda and Belkuchi upazilas on the east and Bhaghura and Tarash upazilas on the west.
Main rivers areKaratoya, Ichamati, Bilsuriya.
Ullahpara (Town) consists of 9 wards and 25 mahallas. It was turned into a municipality in 1984. The area of the town is 12.70 sq km. The town has a population of 36766; male 52.31% and female 47.69%. Density of population is 2895 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 46.33%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Ullahpara thana, now an upazila, was established in 1875. The upazila consists of one municipality, 13 union parishads, 263 mouzas, 433 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Ancient Makkaulia Mosque at Darogapara (fifteenth century), tomb of Hazrat Bagdadi (R) at Gaihatta, tombs of Panch Pir at Angaru, Nabaratna Mandir at Hatikamrul (fourteenth century).
Historical events During the War of Liberation a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on the Ghatina Rail Way Bridge on 20 April 1971 of the upazila in which 20 members of the Pak army were killed.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument at Ghatina.
Population 399074; male 51.13%, female 48.87%; Muslim 93.87%, Hindu 6.10%, Christian 0.01% and others 0.02%; ethnic nationals: Santal 13 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 465, temple 17, tomb 5, sacred place 2, most noted of which are tomb of Pagla Pir, tomb of Kalu Shah Fakir (Satbaria) and tomb of Khawja Pir Nasiruddin (Ghoshgati).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 32.22%; male 38.5% and female 25.5%.
Educational institutions: college 13, high school 47, junior high school 13, madrasa 116, technical training institute 2, government primary school 146, non-government primary school 105, music school 1, satellite school 10.
Noted educational institutions: Ullahpara Merchants Pilot Multilateral High School (1906), Jhekra Bandar Model Government Primary School (1903), Lahiri Mohanpur KM Institution (1915).
Cultural organisations Club 50, cinema hall 5, theatre group 2, literary society 2, community centre 11 and women's organisation 130.
Main occupations Agriculture 42.34%, agricultural labourer 26.14%, wage labourer 2.45%, commerce 10.85%, service 4.10%, transport 2%, weaving 3.94% and others 8.18%.
Land use Total cultivable land 34912.18 hectares, fallow land 6525.70 hectares; single crop 25%, double crop 48% and treble crop land 27%; cultivable land under irrigation 81%.
Land control Among the peasants, 28% are landless, 32% small, 25% intermediate and 15% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, barley, wheat, mustard seed, onion, sesame, and chilli. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, aus paddy, china, kaun.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, palm, coconut, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 394, dairy 196, fishery 1963, hatchery 14.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 78 km, semi pucca 34 km and mud road 591 km; railways 21 km, railway station 3; waterways 65 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport is either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Ice factory 45, flower mill 1, cotton mill 2, cold storage 1, welding 95. Cottage industries Weaving 2009, bamboo work 138, goldsmith 127, blacksmith 153, potteries 610, wood work 250, tailoring 325.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 31, most noted of which are Ullahpara, Salanga, Gaihatta, Pratap, Binayekpur, Salop, Barahar, Hatikamrul, Mohanpur Dharoil; fairs 5; Angaru Mela, Baruni Mela (Simla), Dol Purnima Mela (Dharoil), Pashurara Mela (Banamali Pratap) are noted.
Main exports Jute, mustard seed, sesame, flour and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Care, Proshika, TMSS, Srejani Palli Unnayan Sangstha, Shishu and Nari Kalyan Sangstha.
Health centres Hospital 2, satellite clinic 5, maternity and child welfare centre 1, family planning centre 11.