| BARISAL | | CHITTAGONG| | DHAKA | | KHULNA | | RAJSHAHI | | RANGPUR | | SYLHET |
 
                
BARISAL (DIVISION)

District :

Barguna | Barisal | Bhola | Jhalakathi | Patuakhali | Pirojpur
 
Map : Barguna | Barisal | Bhola | Jhalakathi | Patuakhali | Pirojpur
 

Barisal Division is located in south-central Bangladesh, with an area of 13295.55 km2, and with a population of 7,757,000. It is bounded by Dhaka division on the north, Bay of Bengal on the south, Chittagong division on the east and Khulna division on the west. The main Barisal city lies in the Ganges (Padma) River delta on an offshoot of the Arial Khan River (Kirtankhola). Barisal division is Criss-Crossed by plenty of rivers that earned her the nickname 'Dhan-Nodi-Kaal, Ei tine Barisal' (rice, river and canal built Barisal).

In early times Barisal region was composed of an amalgamation of marshlands formed by the merging of islands brought into existence and built up by alluvial soils washed down the great channels of the combined Brahmaputra-Ganges-Meghna river systems.

In the early 13th century, when Muhammad bin Tughluq completely conquered eastern Bengal, Hindu chieftains from northwest Bengal were dislodged from power and they dispersed over Barisal region and founded the kingdom of Bakla under The Chandra dwip Raj family (Bakla-Chandra dwip is the name used in their papers). Here Hindu chieftains reestablished themselves along the banks of the great rivers and forest islands, far from the reach of Turkish cavalry.

During Moghal conquest in Bengal, Hindu society were concentrated to northern and western Barisal, (region was known as Bakerganj instead of Barisal). Barisal's southern portion was still covered by forests and laced with lagoons. The northwest was also the only part of Bakerganj where the Hindu population exceeded Muslims in early British census.

Barisal saw a second wave of immigration in the late 17th and early 18th centuries . This time, it was Muslim pioneers who assumed the leading role. Establishing of Dhaka as the provincial Moghal capital of the region, in the early 17th century Barisal region (known as Sarkar Bakla to Moghal) was more accessible to businessmen and developers than at any previous time. However, piracy in this region, along the coasts and rivers of southeastern Bengal by Arakanese and renegade Portuguese seamen inhibited any sustained attempts by Mughal governors to push into the Barisal forests.

After 1666, when Moghal naval forces cleared the Meghna estuary of such external threats, the Barisal interior lay ripe for colonization. Land developers acquired grants of plots of land, Taluq (তালুক) , from provincial authorities. Abundant and easily obtainable by purchase from the late 17th century these grants tended to be regarded by their possessors Talukdar (তালুকদার) . Talukdar brought their Taluqs into agricultural production, these men passed up the land revenue through a class of non-cultivating intermediaries, or Zamindar (জমিদার). Zamindars typically resided in the provincial capital, where they had ready access to the chief provincial revenue officer Dewan (দেওয়ান).

In a second pattern of land development, Muslim pirs or Qazi went directly into uncultivated regions, organized the local population for clearing the jungles, and only later, after having established themselves as local men of influence, entered into relations with the Mughal authorities. relationship between the religious Muslim pirs and Mughal authorities was not always harmonious, since a pir's natural ties of authority and patronage generally lay with the masses of peasants beneath him and not with the governors and bureaucrats. For example, in remote Jhalakati Thana in the eastern Bakarganj, an 18th-century pir named Saiyid Faqir wielded enormous influence with the cultivators of the all-Muslim village of Saiyidpur, named after the pir. But a difficulty arose, noted a 1906 village survey, because the people of this part looked upon the Fakir as their guide and did not pay rent to the Nawab. In this situation, one Lala Chet Singh, a captain in the employ of the governor, succeeded in persuading the Fakir to leave the country.

In 1797 the area was established as Bakerganj District but later renamed as Barisal district. The district was upgraded into a municipality in 1876.

Greater Barisal region (Barisal district along with some other neighbouring districts) together was declared Barisal division on 1 January 1993. [1]

Geography
Area: 13297 km2.
Population: 7,757,000. male 50.67%, female 49.33%; Muslim 88.06%, Hindu 11.7%, Christian 0.18% and others 0.06%.

Administration
The division currently consists of six districts, 38 Upazilas, 353 union Parishad, 3159 mouzas, 12 municipalities, 25 wards and 4163 villages.

Districts

06 Districts- Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Jhalakathi, Patuakhali, Pirojpur.

Tourism

Sunrise at Kuakata sea beach, Patuakhali
Kuakata sea beach is the main tourist spot in the division. It is the one of the two sea beaches in South Asia where both sunrise and sunset at sea can be seen.

Durga Sagor is another beautiful Dighi where lot of guest birds comes in every winter season.

Economy
Barisal is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of baasmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As Barisal is surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there.It is said-Dhan (paddy) nadi (river) Khal (canal) ai tine Barisal."
Means, paddy,river and canal this three thing makes Barisal.
Coconut is very common in there as it is a costal area. Hog Plum in Barisal is very famous.
Exports: Fish, medicine, bidi (local tobacco) and handicrafts.

Education
Brojomohun (BM) College, established in 1889
Barisal division has one of the highest literacy rates of the country just behind Dhaka division. One of the country's oldest educational institutions, Brojomohun College was established in 1889.

Sher e Bangla Medical College and one science and technological university are also built. Recently the government has passed a bill approving building of a new Barisal University.

University
1. Patuakhali Science and Technology University,
2. Barisal University (proposed: to begin enroll students in 2011)

Government colleges
Thirteen government colleges: Brojomohun College, [[Sayed Hatem Ali Government College] [Bhandaria Govt.College]

Private colleges
18 (Eighteen) private colleges:

Medical college
One medical college: Sher-E-Bangla Medical college

Government high schools
19 (Nineteen) government high schools

Private high schools
852 government high schools

Polytechnic institutes
3 polytechnic institutes:
Barisal Polytechnic Institute,
Patuakhali Polytechnic Institute,
Barguna Polytechnic Institute (Sanjib Mondal)

Junior high schools
180 junior high schools

Law colleges
3 law colleges

Cadet colleges
1 Cadet College: Barisal Cadet College

Teacher's Training Colleges
4 teachers's training college

Madrasas
1616 Madrasas

Primary schools
Government: 2,583, Non-government: 1,982.

Transportation
Numerous numbers of rivers and canals enforce the inhabitants to use boat as the main medium of transportation. Main rivers are Arial Khan, Bishkhali, Burishwar, Tentulia, Paira, Haringhata, Baleshwar, Kirtankhola, Katcha, and Agunmukha. It is linked by steamer with Dhaka (73 miles [117 km] north) and with Chittagong to the southeast. Road communication has improved significantly over last decades with building many bridges. The Barisal Airport has regular flight service to Dhaka

Religion
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Sports
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Noted People in Barisal

Utpal Dutta (29 March 1929 - 19 August 1993), was an Indian actor, director and writer-playwright

A.K. Fazlul Huq, (Mayor of Kolkata (1935, first Muslim mayor of kolkata),

Prime Minister of undivided Bengal (1937-1943) and of East Bengal (1954),

Home Minister of Pakistan (1955) and Governor of East Pakistan (1956-1958)

Mohiuddin Jahangir (Bir Shresto) was a Captain in the Bangladesh Army during the 1971 Liberation War. The main gate of Dhaka Cantonment- "Shaheed Jahangir Gate" is named in his Honour.

Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah Founder Editor of The Daily Ittefaq.

Anil Biswas (composer) noted Hindi and Bengali film song composer

Altaf Mahmud noted Bengali film song composer and one of the martyred intelligentsia in 1971.

Jiban Ananda Das, famous Bengali poet.

Aroj Ali Mattabbar, noted Astronomer and Philosopher.

Panna Lal Ghosh renowned musician and flutist

Parul Ghosh, Hindi and Bengali film singer

Utpal Dutta, actor

Sufia Kamal, poetess

Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri, physicist

Abala Bose, social reformer and wife of Jagadish Chandra Bose

Tapan Raychaudhuri, noted historian.

Partha Dasgupta, eminent economist.

Mithun Chakraborty, famous actor.

Sushmita Sen, famous actress.

Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi, Minister of parliamentary affairs and information, India.

Kamini Roy, famous poetess and first woman graduate with honours in the subcontinent.

Kusumkumari Das, poetess and mother of Jibanananda Das

Kadambini Ganguly, first female graduate and first female physician in the entire British empire

Aswini Kumar Dutta, social reformer and philanthropist

Main Tourist Spots and Academy in Barishal Division:

Barisal Cadet College-Barisal

Barisal Cadet College is a military high school in Rahmatpur, Babuganj, Bangladesh. It is located 12 km from Barisal, beside the Dhaka Barisal highway.

Previously, it was Barisal Residential Model College. In 1981 the Bangladesh government declared it as a cadet college. Its first principal was Md. Mufazzal Husain Who worked a lot to established it in initial stage. As a cadet college, it consistently has a large number of placements of its alumni in the national armed forces. In addition, it is notable for its results in the national exams at the secondary school and higher secondary level and the placements of its alumni in the national universities. in the recent few years this prestigious institution is making excellent result and reaching the acme of success. we all pray for this institution.
AT A Glance:

Location:12 km north of Barisal town beside Dhaka-Barisal highway

District:Barisal,Bangladesh

College Motto: Read, in the Name of Your Lord

College Colour Turkish Blue

Total College Area:50 acres
Number of Houses:3

Sher-e-Bangla House
Named After: A. K. Fazlul Huq
Motto:life is full of action]
Logo:Tiger
Colour: Green

Suhrawardy House
Named After:Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
Motto:Knowledge is power
Logo:Lion
Colour:Red

Shariatullah House
Named After:Haji Shariatullah
Motto:Success is our target
Logo:Leapord
Colour:Blue

Sher-e-Bangla Medical College-Barisal

Sher-e-Bangla Medical College (SBMC), is a medical college in Barisal, Bangladesh. SBMC was established in 1969 and is run under the administration of the University of Dhaka. It was named after A. K. Fazlul Huq, known by his nickname of Sher-e-Bangla &#x0096 Bengal Tiger, a leading Bengali statesman and former prime minister of Pakistan in the first half of the 20th century, who practiced law in Barisal.
About 180 students are admitted there every year. There are three hostels for male students and two for the female students. Both male and female intern doctors have each one hostel. The Sher-e-Bangla Medical College hospital, which is confined within the college, serves more than 2000 patients each term, though its nominal capacity is for just 1200 patients.

Barisal University-Barisal

Barisal University, approved in the meeting of ECNEC meeting on November 29, 2008 will be the only general public university in Barisal division and the country's 33rd public university. It will be built at Karnakati on the eastern bank of the River Kirtonkhola in Sadar upazila.

Tk 90 core will be used to construct the university on 50 acres of land, including 12 acres private-owned and 38 acres public land.

Prof. Dr. Harunor Rashid Khan is appointed as the director of Barisal University Implementation Project. According to Dr. Harunor, although possession of the land for construction of the infrastructure of the BU is yet to receive, BU academic session may be started at any time or place as per decision and approval of University Grant Commission and education ministry.

BM (Brojomohun) College-Barisal

Brojmohun college was established on 14th June in 1889 by Mahatma Ashwini Kumar Dutta. But history chronicles that he first established the B.M shcool patronized by his great father in 1884 and then it it evolved into B.M college to meet the increasing demands of higher education for the poor southerners. In 1917 college was transferred into the present location. This college had got a revolutionary spirit as the Swadeshi movement and its ideology against British Raj streamed through it. So a counter colonial nature is integral with this college. Mahattma had exerted a tremendous leverage in amassing the highest patriotic scholars of that time, as such Brojendranath Chatterji, Rajonikanta Guha, Babu Swatish Chandra who left an effort to add glory to this college. Thus in the post partition and in the post independence period other legendary teachers as such Jibonanda Dash, Prof. Md. Hanif , Kazi Golam Kader , Prof. Samsul Haque , Dr. Pronoti Bose added laurel to this college. It was due to the imparting of proper education Calcutta University had permitted this college to induct honors courses in that 1922, first in English and philosophy and then gradually in other disciplines. The period 1922-1948 was the golden age for B.M college, The achievements even drew the comments from Sir Woodburn and other English high officials that the college should be ranked with oxford. But parition in 1947 was a blow for this college. So the honours courses went off. Again the college got back on its track in 1964 by introducing honours in Economics. Then in 1965 it was provincialized and in 1972 Govt. B.M college started its Journey with honours in 7 disciplines and masters in 5. And then may other honours courses were added which total in to 19. This college had been gaining academic excellence since 1928; the names can be mentioned Debprashad Ghosh, Shantishodha Ghosh, Dilip Kumar Chakrawarti, Shantisudha as such. This college had a significant role in anti British movement along with the movements in 52, 62, 69 and specially to be underscored the liberation war of 1971.
Contact:
BM College, Barisal-8200.
Tel: +88-0431-64397,
E-mail:info@bmcollege.gov.bd

Patuakhali Science and Technology University-Dumki, Patuakhali

Patuakhali Science and Technology University is a government financed public university in Patuakhali, Bangladesh. PSTU has given affiliation to the Barisal Government Veterinary College as its constituent faculty. This is the only university in Barisal division

Patuakhali Science and Technology University (PSTU) formally started functioning after promulgation of government gazette notification on 26 February 2002 with the campus of former Patuakhali Agricultural College as its nucleus. The PSTU started with the ongoing Faculty of Agriculture offering four-year B.Sc.Ag. degrees as its primary focus. The University has a mandate of widening its scope of education expansion in conformity to the education policy of the national government, particularity in the information communication technology (ICT) and other demand-driven disciplines to meet the challenges of the 21st century. Against this backdrop the PSTU has planned to start two more new faculties: the Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) and Business Administration and Management (BAM). In the meantime, it has given affiliation to the Barisal Government Veterinary College as its constituent faculty. It plans to offer degree programs in the fields of fisheries, food and nutrition and social sciences in the coming years.

The Patuakhali Science and Technology University was meta-morphically developed at the private initiative of the local people through the establishment of a higher secondary institute in 1972 as a private college. It was then turned to Patuakhali Agricultural College under the affiliation of Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh in 1979 with the mandatory objectives of producing agricultural graduates offering the B.Sc.Ag. degree. The college was nationalized on 1 February 1985 and was placed under the administrative control of the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Ministry of Agricultural together with BAU affiliation.

The Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh launched a project of establishing a Science and Technology University in the former greater districts where no such universities exist. That project advocated the transformation of Patuakhali Agricultural College into the full-fledged Patuakhali Science and Technology University that came into being through a Parliamentary Act passed on 12 July 2001.
[edit] Location

The PSTU campus is at Dumki Upazila under Patuakhali district. It is about 15 kilometers north from Patuakhali district town and can easily be reached by public transportation.

It has compact campus with halls of residence within walking distance of the academic building. At present the campus occupies 72 acres (290,000 m2) of land including 37.00 acres (149,700 m2) agricultural research farm. With a view to establishing a Fisheries Faculty under this university it has a plan to acquire 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land at Kuakata, the southernmost tourist resort of Bangladesh. This faculty will conduct research on various exotic species of fishes covering both inland and marine fisheries apart from.

Kuakata-Patuakhali

Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic beauty spot on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka.

At Kuakata excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beach, blue sky, huge expanse of water of the Bay and evergreen forest in really eye-catching. From its seashore you can watch both sunrise and sunset. The coconut trees increase the scenic beauty of this seashore.
Pic: Kuakata
The main tourist season is in winter but all over the year tourists visit this place. In Kuaka you can visit the life style of tribe Rakhains, who are very friendly to the tourist and visitors.

A visit to Mahasthangarh site museum will open up for you wide variety of antiquities, ranging from terracotta objects to gold ornaments and coins recovered from the site. Now it is one of the major tourist spots maintained by Bangladesh archeological Department.

Rakhain Girl at Kuakata-Patuakhali
 

If you are adventurous you may also go for fishing on the fishing boat if you can manage the local fishermen. That will give you pleasure and experience, which you won't be able to gather from anywhere else. In the fishermen village you will find the fishermen coming back from the fishing and you can purchase some fresh Hilsha fish from them, and by the side of village there are some local restaurants from where you can get the Hilshas cooked and ready for eating. You will remember the wonderful taste of the fresh Hilshas of Kuakata for a long time. From Kuakata you can visit to a part of the great Sundarban forest, which is called Gangamoti Reserve Forest. Don't forget to visit Fatra's Chor another tourist place nearby Kuakata.

Kuakata is one of the rarest places, which has the unique beauty of offering the full view of the rising and setting of crimson sun in the water of the Bay of Bengal in a calm environment. That perhaps makes Kuakata one of the world's unique beaches. The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach has gentle slopes into the Bay of Bengal and bathing there is as pleasant as is walking or diving.

Kuakata is truly a virgin beach-a sanctuary for migratory winter birds, a series of coconut trees, sandy beach of blue Bay, a feast for the eye. Forest, boats plying in the Bay of Bengal with colorful sails, fishing, towering cliffs, surfing waves everything here touches every visitor's heart. The unique customs and costumes of the 'Rakhyne' tribal families and Buddhist Temple of about hundred years old indicate the ancient tradition and cultural heritage, which are objects of great pleasure Kuakata is the place of pilgrimage of the Hindus and Buddhist communities. Innumerable devotees arrive here at the festival of 'Rush Purnima' and 'Maghi Purnima'.

On these two days they take holy bath and traditional fairs are held here. All these additional offers to panoramic beauty make the beach more attractive to the visitors. One should visit Kuakata and discover the lovely grace of Bangladesh.

Means of Communication:
There exists road communication between Dhaka and Patuakhali district headquarters. Accessible by road, water or air transport up to Barisal. Then one may travel by road or water to Kuakata or Patuakhali. From Dhaka you can go to Patuakhali by bus & from there by microbus to Kuakata. It is advisable to go Patuakhali by launch, which is an overnight journey, and you can enjoy the unique beauty of Bangladesh Rivers at nighttime during this journey. Instead of Potuakhali you can go to Khepupara by launch, which is also an overnight journey and from Khepupara you can go to Kuakata by microbus. A direct BRTC bus service is also available from Dhaka to Kuakata that leaves from Sayedabad Bus terminal at night takes 12 hours to reach Kuakata. But it might be a hectic bus journey as a number of ferries are there on the way to Kuakata by road. BRTC has introduced direct bus service from Dhaka to Kuakata via Barisal.

Where to stay: There are some hotel and motels in Kuakata where you can stay, but Holiday Homes is the best place to stay in Kuakata. It is a motel of Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation and its better if you confirm your booking from Dhaka in advance.

Haringhata-Barguna

Haringhata is a place where you can see deer roaming around. In Haringhata forest sometimes the Royal Bengal Tiger is seen. Horin is a Bengali word for deer. So name itself express why it's called Haringhata. You can go to Haringhata from Barguna District.